Even though there has been a massive increase of interest towards open education (such as massive open online courses and MOOC), it can also be viewed that open education lacks a philosophical or theoretical foundation. Other doubts include the distance education, where it can be identified as being slow to process with critical debates in research and theory.
It can also be quoted that, 'given
the considerable rise of Open Education over the last years, these
critical appraisals urge us to expand theoretical approaches to refine
our understanding of evolving pedagogical and technological relations
(cf. Bell, 2011).'
However, self-cultivation and self-realization is a powerful
reflective tool that can be used in engaging literacy in a global scale. There is a significant potential in coming out of one's comfort zone and being able to take criticism(if any) from an international perspective. OER provides rich base of educational materials that has multiple cultural contexts.
This engagement with various and complex
resources can be identified as a transformation that is highly likey to happen among individuals.